Art & Artists in Exhibition: Vancouver 1890 - 1950
     Home     Artists     Exhibitions     Organizations     Clippings     References    

Charles Hepburn Scott

November 29 1886 - June 28 1964

Glasgow School of Art (Diploma 1909)
Art Supervisor, Calgary School Board (1912 - 1914)
Art Supervisor, Vancouver School Board (1914 - 1925)
Canadian Infantry (1915 - 1918)
B.C. Society of Fine Arts (Life Member, President 1920 - 1922)
B.C. Art League (Organizing committee 1920)
British Columbia Artist (BCA, 1921)
Director, Vancouver School of Art (1926 - 1952)
Canadian Group of Painters (Founding Member 1933)
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (ARCA 1940 Senior 1956)
Royal Society of Artists (Fellow)
Canadian Society of Graphic Arts (Member/Regional Representative)
Federation of Canadian Artists (Member/Vice-President 1947)

It is not too much to say that Charles Hepburn Scott was one of the most important artists in Vancouver history. He was an excellent artist and draughtsman, with a vast range of output in a number of mediums. He was born in Newmilns, Ayrshire, Scotland. After taking his art training in Glasgow, graduating from the Glasgow School of Art in 1909, Scott moved to Canada and took up the position of Art Supervisor for Calgary schools from 1912 to 1914.

He moved to Vancouver to be Art Supervisor for the city's schools, a position he held from 1914 until 1925. His first annual report to the School Trustees in December 1914 details his early observations and plans for teaching art in the City.

He served overseas in the Canadian infantry in World War One, from 1915 to 1918, where he was wounded on the Western Front. He returned to Vancouver, where he returned to his job with the Vancouver School Board, as noted in his report on drawing in the 1919 Trustees Annual Report.

He illustrated the Honor Roll of the Vancouver School Board published in The Gold Stripe, Volume One, Christmas 1918.

Scott exhibited in the 1920 Annual Exhibition of the B.C. Society of Fine Arts, held at the Vancouver School Board offices on Hamilton Street. The same year he was appointed to the Organizing Committee of the B.C. Art League, the group formed to promote the creation of an art gallery and art school in British Columbia.

In 1924 Scott joined W.P. Weston and S.P. Judge in writing the textbook "Drawing & Design - A Teacher's Manual", subtitled as "Manual of Drawing and Design for Elementary and High Schools". This was an authorized text for the Department of Education in British Columbia. At this time Scott was still Supervisor of Art for the Vancouver School Board.

  
Illustrations for School Days magazine

Scott exhibited at the Vancouver Exhibition in 1926, and with the Island Arts and Crafts Society in 1927 and 1928.

Scott's most substantial and long-lasting contribution to art in Vancouver was his tenure as Director of the Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts. Scott took up the position shortly after the school opened in 1925, and then led the school through thick and thin for many years - through the depression, the Second World War, the return of the veterans, and the start of the baby boom. He kept the doors open, the students painting, and the graduates going out into the world to start their careers, until he himself retired in 1952.

Scott exhibited with the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts beginning in 1926, continuing until 1952.

In 1927 Scott wrote an article titled Things As They Are, published in the second annual edition of The Paint Box, the art school's student annual, published by the Student's Club.

In 1928 Scott gave a lecture, sponsored by the Vancouver Institute, titled Modern Movements in Art. He gave another lecture for them titled Etchers and Etchings in 1939.

Throughout this period Scott also kept up his artistic output, completing many oil paintings, watercolours, drawings in pencil and pen and ink, and a number of etchings, including a series of classical architecture scenes taken from his travels in Europe. In 1932 a folio of eight of his pen and ink drawings was published as Drawings of the B.C. Coast, receiving high praise from Walter J. Phillips who reviewed the publication for a periodical in Winnipeg.

  
Preliminary announcement for Drawings of the B.C. Coast


Foreword for Drawings of the B.C. Coast

           
Images from Drawings of the B.C. Coast


Finis for Drawings of the B.C. Coast

Scott exhibited for many years in the annual B.C. Artists exhibitions at the Vancouver Art Gallery, beginning with the inaugural exhibition in 1932, and continuing in 1933-34, 1936, 1938, 1940-41, 1943-44, 1946-47, 1950, 1954, 1956-57, and 1960-61.

Scott also had solo exhibitions, including "The Spirit of Savary" in 1935, a collection of watercolours painted on Savary Island during his many visits there.

Scott exhibited internationally as well, and Who's Who in Northwest Art, 1941, noted that he had exhibited at the Canadian Wembley Exhibition, the Dominion Overseas Exhibition, and the Canadian Coronation Exhibition, London.

In 1935 Arthur Lismer, one of the members of the Group of Seven, was traveling through Western Canada on a lecture tour with more than one purpose, and he noted in a confidential report to the National Gallery his comments about Scott teaching at the Vancouver Art Gallery:
     "In Vancouver the Art Gallery classes under the direction of Mr. Charles H. Scott, principal of the Vancouver School of Art and Design, are a lively and stimulating expression of child art study. They are well organized with a competent and interested staff."

Lismer further noted in that report:
     "Mr. Scott is making excellent use of the grant given to the Art Gallery in Vancouver by the Canadian Committee of the Carnegie fund."

The Spring 1936 edition of The Smock Pocket, the Vancouver School of Art Graduates' Association newsletter noted that Scott was the Honorary President of that group. It also noted that Scott was one of three jurors for the association's Fourth Annual Exhibition.

In 1936 Scott donated his "large framed picture" titled "Summer Day" to the Art, Historical and Scientific Association of Vancouver.

In 1940 Scott wrote Vancouver School of Art, a history of the art school to that date, that was published by the Vancouver School Board in FIRST FIFTY YEARS: 1890 - 1940 VANCOUVER HIGH SCHOOLS.

Scott was on a list titled "Leading Vancouver Artists," provided to the Labour Arts Guild on April 10, 1946 by the Vancouver Art Gallery to assist in the Guild's call for entries to the second annual B.C. At Work exhibition.

In 1946 - 1947 he had work in a Federation of Canadian Artists travelling exhibition, and wrote a short statement to explain his work in the show.

Scott wrote A Short Art History of British Columbia in 1947, published in the art school's annual Behind The Palette, in which he discussed major artists and art groups and institutions in B.C.'s history.

Scott exhibited with the B.C. Society of Fine Arts in many of their annual exhibitions, including April 1915, September 1920, 1921, and 1922, May 1923, 1924 and 1926, June 1927, May and November 1929, from 1937 to 1947 including 1942 and 1943, 1949, 1950, from 1953 to 1963, and in the Society's final exhibition in 1967. Scott had by then retired to live at Ford's Cove, Hornby Island,

The Vancouver Art Gallery held additional solo exhibitions of his work in 1947, 1959, and 1989.

In 1958 Scott wrote an introduction to one of the exhibition sections in 100 Years of B.C. Art, and also had two paintings in the exhibition.

Scott was a Protestant, and played golf for recreation. He died in Vancouver in 1964 at the age of seventy-seven. For many years Scott's family left his study as it was when he died. Eventually the estate began to be dispersed in a number of ways. The Heffel Gallery auctioned a number of his drawings, paintings, etchings, and related ephemera. At least one antiquarian book dealer acquired material for re-sale. Additionally, material was donated to Emily Carr Institute of Art + Design, and to U.B.C. It is a pity that the entire collection could not have remained intact for future research and public enjoyment.

Exhibitions

SOLO EXHIBITIONS
DATE EXHIBITION LOCATION
1935 Nov. 9 - 24 The Spirit of Savary (18 w/c's) VAG
1943 April 30 - May 13 The Soldier in Training (62 drawings) VAG
1947 Nov 25 - Dec 14 Retrospective Exhibition (102 artworks) VAG
1959 Oct.6 - Nov. 1 Retrospective Exhibition (67 artworks) VAG

GROUP EXHIBITIONS
DATE EXHIBITION ARTWORK
1915 April BCSFA   Works by Members Portrait
Portrait
Portrait
Sketch Portrait
The Old Mill, Bruges
Neutral
Old Doorway, Rothenburg
The Courtyard, Rothenburg
The City Gate, Rothenburg
Summer Night, Hildesheim
1920 September 18 - 25 BCSFA   Annual Exhibition Portrait
The Laughing Girl
Portrait of Bernard McEvoy, Esq.
Beating the H.C. of L.
"Molly"
The Reader
The Hockey Player
Footlight Study
Summer Idyll
Reverie
1921 Sept. 19 - 24 BCSFA   13th Annual The Pergola
"A Garden is a Lovesome Thing"
W.P. Weston, Esq.
Twilight in the Bow Valley
Summer Afternoon
1922 Sept. 16 - 23 BCSFA   14th Annual Winter
Summer Moon
The House in the Woods
Goodnight to Vernon
Southland
Kiku San
Springtime
February Flats
Portrait
1923 May 12 - 19 BCSFA   15th Annual November
Winter in the Country
Winter in the City
The Shack
1924 May 3 - 17 BCSFA   16th Annual Study of a Head
1926 May 8 - 15 BCSFA   18th Annual Via Giovanni Dupre, Siena
Rue de l'A'no Aveugio, Bruges
Ponte Vecchio, Florence
Porte d'Ostende
L'Eglise, Damme
1927 June 10 - 25 BCSFA   19th Annual Snow Caps, Howe Sound
White Mountain
Cloud Form, Howe Sound
Summer Light
"Linkie"
Entrance to Fraser Canyon, Yale B.C.
1929 May 18 - June 8 BCSFA   21st Annual Reflections
Sketch
Sketch
Sketch
Sketch
Sketch
Sketch
1929 Nov. 16 - 30 BCSFA   Winter Exhibition Bridge River Country
Rolling Land
Romance
Colour Harmony
Grizzly Bear Country
Old Charlie
Rain
1932 May - July VAG   All Canadian Exhibition The New Bridge
The City School
Siena
Old Cannongate, Tolbooth, Edinburgh
1932 Oct. 5 - 30 VAG   B.C. Artists 1st Annual Alfresco
Spring Song
Evening in the Cabin
Smuggler's Cove
1933 May 20 - 31 VAG   Palette & Chisel Club Exhibition Evening in the Cabin
Smuggler's Cove
1933 June 3 - 11 VAG   BCSFA 23rd Annual Exhibition Allium & Tulip
Iris & Lychnis
Primula & Azalea
Rhododendron & Lupin
1933 Sept. 22 - Oct. 15 VAG   B.C. Artists 2nd Annual Ships of Yule
Contentment
1934 Sept. 21 - Oct. 14 VAG   B.C. Artists 3rd Annual Anno Domini 1934
Joyce at Savary
Maligne Lake, Jasper
1936 Sept. 18 - Oct. 11 VAG   B.C. Artists 5th Annual Anna of the Orchard
Kootenay Glamour
Storm Overhead
1936 Oct. 15 - 20 VAG   B.C. Artists Chilliwack Exhibition Storm Overhead
1937 April 16 - May 1 BCSFA   27th Annual Winter Twilight in the Garden
Mountain Creek
Space, Light and Air, Lulu Island
High Noon
June Caprice
Souvenir of Old Flanders
1938 April 29 - May 15 BCSFA   28th Annual Exhibition Riggs Island, Buccaneer Bay
Island Marge
The Benchlands, Kootenays
1939 June 9 - 25 BCSFA   29th Annual Canadian Youth
1940 May 17 - June 2 BCSFA   30th Annual Come Wind, Come Sun
Western Pioneer
The Rolling Road to Ladysmith
Morning Sunlight
1940 Sept. 20 - Oct. 13 VAG   B.C. Artists 9th Annual Sand Dunes At Savary
Country Boy
1941 May 10 - June 1 BCSFA   31st Annual Form Relationships
Rocky Mountain Garden
The Rolling Road to Ladysmith
Beach Maiden
Nude
Sitting Nude
Employment Agency
Reclining Nude
1942 May 15 - 31 BCSFA   32nd Annual Landscape
Fishing Lodge, Cariboo
Drawing
1942 July 7 - Sept. 2 VAG   B.C. Artists 1st Annual Summer Alfresco
The Garden of Eden, Banff
1942 Nov. 3 - 15 FCA   Red Cross Benefit (no information available)
1943 May 15 - June 6 BCSFA   33rd Annual Quiet Glory
Peto Glacier
Summer Moon, Mt. Edith Cavell
Church in the Cariboo
The Sun Bathers
Michael Fell
1943 July 2 - Aug. 25 VAG   B.C. Artists 2nd Annual Summer Canadian Youth
Michael Fell
1943 Sept. 25 - Oct. 20 VAG   B.C. Artists 12th Annual Garden of Eden
Col. J.P. Fell
1944 July 4 - Aug. 30 VAG   B.C. Artists 3rd Annual Summer The Garden of Eden
Chief Khahtshlano (sic)
1945 July 3 - Aug. 26 VAG   B.C. Artists 4th Annual Summer Skaha Lake, Penticton
Self Portrait
1946 July 2 - 28 VAG   Jubilee Exhibition Alfresco
1946 Sept. 21 - Oct. 13 VAG   B.C. Artists 15th Annual The Accordionist
1946 - 47 Federation of Canadian Artists
Travelling Exhibition #2
Cloudburst Mountains
Red Mountains, Garibaldi Area
Vancouver Skyline
Mist, Snow and Ice
Mt. Garibaldi, Southern Slope
Musqueam Reserve
Kootenay Glacier
Pyramid Mountain, Garibaldi Park
1947 July 8 - 27 VAG   B.C. Artists Summer Exhibition Timberlands
1947 Sept. 20 - Oct. 12 VAG   B.C. Artists 16th Annual Morning Tea
Interior
1949 May 3 - 22 BCSFA   39th Annual The Merry Jetty
Pacific Coast
Sunshot Snows
January Snow
1950 April 25 - May 14 BCSA   40th Annual Portrait 1920
June Morning


References - SOLO EXHIBITION CATALOGUES

Refer to BIBLIO.

References - GROUP EXHIBITION CATALOGUES

SOUVENIR CATALOGUE OF EXHIBITIONS
OPENING THE NEW VANCOUVER ART GALLERY
(refer to VAG51)

3rd BC GRAPHIC & CANADIAN SOCIETY OF GRAPHIC ART (refer to BCG57)

100 YEARS OF B.C. ART (refer to VAG58)
      Includes introduction to Early B.C. Painting and Sculpture by Scott
      Two works by Scott in the exhibition

B.C. PAINTINGS BURNABY 58 (refer to BAG58)

SPRING EXHIBITION - FCA - BC REGION (refer to FCA64)

4th BURNABY NATIONAL PRINT SHOW (refer to BAG67)

THE ETCHING REVIVAL (1852 - 1936)
      Collections of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria Number 8
      Not dated, no ISBN; 24 pages; includes Introduction (author not listed)
      Brief biographical information on artists including Charles H. Scott and E.J. Hughes
      C.P.R. Hotel, Vancouver 1927 in exhibition, not illustrated in catalogue

PRINTMAKING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA 1889-1983 (refer to AGGV83)

VANCOUVER: ART & ARTISTS 1931 - 1983 (refer to VAG83)

OUR CHANGING LANDSCAPE (2008) (refer to BAG08)

References - GENERAL

VANCOUVER CITY SCHOOLS - TRUSTEES ANNUAL REPORT 1914
      12th Annual Report; Published by the Board of School Trustees, City of Vancouver
      100 pages illustrated; soft cover illustrated with 1915 drawing by Scott
      Includes Report on Drawing by Scott
      Possibly the earliest published writing by Scott in Vancouver (after 4 months in the city).

VANCOUVER CITY SCHOOLS - TRUSTEES ANNUAL REPORT 1915
      13th Annual Report; Published by the Board of School Trustees, City of Vancouver
      108 pages illustrated; soft cover illustrated with 1915 drawing by Scott
      Includes Report on Drawing by Scott, page 44, written just before his departure to Europe with the C.E.F.
      and VSB Honor Roll by the Editor, re Scott painting for Canadian Expeditionary Force (illustrated full page).
      Also complete statistics on students, attendance, buildings, teachers, courses, etc.

VANCOUVER CITY SCHOOLS - TRUSTEES ANNUAL REPORT 1919
      17th Annual Report; Published by the Board of School Trustees, City of Vancouver
      106 pages illustrated; soft cover illustrated with 1915 drawing by Scott
      Includes Report on Drawing by Scott
      First report by Scott after his return from World War One.

THINGS AS THEY ARE by Charles H. Scott
      The Paint Box, Vol 1 Number 2, June 1927; VSDAA

THE PICTURE AND THE POINT OF VIEW by Charles H. Scott
      B.C. Teacher magazine, September 1927

A BRITISH COLUMBIA SCHOOL OF ART by Charles H. Scott
      B.C. Teacher magazine, June 1932

FIRST FIFTY YEARS 1890 - 1940 VANCOUVER HIGH SCHOOLS
      Published by Vancouver School Board, 1940
      No ISBN, hardcover, 160 pages. Illustrated b&w photographs.
      Includes history of Vancouver School of Art by C.H. Scott

ART TEACHING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA by Charles H. Scott
      The School magazine, March 1940, pp. 613-616

WHO'S WHO IN NORTHWEST ART (refer to WWNA41)

A SHORT ART HISTORY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA by Charles H. Scott
      Behind The Palette, 1947; VSA

A Personal Response to the B.C. Scene by (editor)
      Canadian Art magazine, Vol. 5 No. 4, Spring-Summer 1948, p. 196-97; 2 illustrations

ROYAL CANADIAN ACADEMY OF ARTS - REPORT FOR 1964-65
      1965; no ISBN; 14 page pamphlet
      List of officers, members, academicians deceased, President's Report, balance sheet
      Includes obituary for Scott

THE FINE ARTS IN VANCOUVER, 1886 - 1930 (refer to THOM)

Represented by The Gallery of the Golden Key (refer to GGK)

CREATIVE CANADA - VOLUME ONE, by University of Toronto Press
      1971; ISBN 0-8020-3262-1
      "A biographical dictionary of twentieth-century creative and performing artists."
      Includes one full column of abbreviated information about Scott

THE MOUNTAINS AND THE SKY by Lorne E. Render
      1974, Glenbow-Alberta Institute; published by McClelland and Stewart West
      ISBN 0-7712-1001-2; 224 pages, illustrated throughout in colour and b&w
      Includes biographical information on Scott and 4 of his paintings illustrated

ISLAND ARTS AND CRAFTS ASSOCIATION - List of Exhibitors

THE DICTIONARY OF BRITISH ARTISTS 1880 - 1940 (refer to DBA76)

ROYAL CANADIAN ACADEMY OF ARTS -
EXHIBITIONS & MEMBERS 1880 - 1979
(refer to RCA81)

ARTISTS IN CANADA 1982 - UNION LIST OF ARTISTS' FILES (refer to AIC82)

MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS -
SPRING EXHIBITIONS 1880 - 1970
(refer to MM88)

DEAR NAN - Letters of Emily Carr, Nan Cheney and Humphrey Toms
      1990, edited by Doreen Walker; 436 pages
      University of British Columbia Press; ISBN 0-7748-0348-7
      250 letters transcribed, includes extensive biographical notes, excellent index
      Numerous references to Scott, apparently disliked by both artists.

VANCOUVER ARTIST: Charles Hepburn Scott
      1996 September; by Michael Clark, Emily Carr Institute of Art + Design.
      Visions newsletter, Volume 3 Issue 1, page 2.
      One page biography with 1 illustration of his work.

ART BC: MASTERWORKS FROM BRITISH COLUMBIA (refer to ARTBC00)

BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF ARTISTS IN CANADA (refer to BIAC03)
      13 references listed for Scott.

A DICTIONARY OF CANADIAN ARTISTS (refer to M)
     One and a half pages of references to the artist.

THE FECKLESS COLLECTION (refer to FECK18)

VANCOUVER PUBLIC LIBRARY - B.C. ARTISTS FILES (refer to VPL)

Clippings

"The Art Classes were placed under the immediate direction of Mr. Scott, and the students had reference to him before taking any particular class. They were allotted to the classes best suited to their needs and abilities, and the Art Classes now form the nucleus of a successful Art School, with graded courses covering the principal branches of Art Work."
      from Prevocational and Night Classes by Graham A. Laing
      Vancouver City Schools Trustees Annual Report 1915

"Charles H. Scott in his crayon drawing of "Sarah" presents us with an Indian face depicted with much solidity and (resemblance?); it also display considerable character."
      From "With The B.C. Artists", by "A Visitor"
      Vancouver Daily Province, September 27, 1916

"Though but a small organization, numerically considered, the B.C. Society of Fine Arts has had the honor of contributing its quota of members to engage in the determined and now successful fight for freedom and civilization. It may be said that all those belonging to this artistic fraternity have helped in various ways, but those marked out for special recognition are:
     C.H. SCOTT - A student of South Kensington, and afterwards in France and Belgium, he was employed when he came to Vancouver, as supervisor of drawing by the School Board, a position he filled with much credit. Enlisting in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, he left B.C. in the early days of the war, and was wounded on the Western Front, where he bravely distinguished himself."
     From Honor Roll - B.C. Society of Fine Arts
     The Gold Stripe, Volume One, Christmas 1918

"There is a pastel head of a girl by C.H. Scott which has been much admired. Though a small picture it is full of life and expression."
      From "Local Work is on View" by Bernard McEvoy
      Vancouver Daily Province, October 2 1919

"The committees which will be recommended to the League were named as follows: ... C.H. Scott ..."
      From "B.C. Art League Committees Are Active" by (unknown)
      Western Woman's Weekly, October 9, 1920

"The other picture that most appeals to me is No. 107, "Twilight in the Bow Valley," by Charles H. Scott. It is a poem in greens, the greens of old trees, water, a shaded moon and the peace of an autumn evening. ... (continues).
      From "Pictures at B.C. Fine Arts", by J. Butterfield
      Vancouver Daily Province, September 19 1921, page 12

"The trend towards modernism is perhaps most emphatic in the five striking paintings by Charles H. Scott. It shows that he has entirely forsaken the old paths and now prefers that which is symbolic to that which is anything approaching to an actual portrayal of nature. There is no mistaking the fact that these five pictures give initiated observers certain sensations of grandeur and sublimity. Moreover, it can not be doubted that they are resplendent in gorgeous color. They may also be considered decorative in effect, but the opinion of the unbiased Philistine observer will probably be that they go a little too far in the direction of a wilful obscurity."
      From "B.C. Society of Fine Arts" by Bernard McEvoy
      Vancouver Daily Province, April 28 1928

"Charles H. Scott, head of the Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts, is a Scotch artist of sound and thorough training. He is building up a live and vigorous school of art, with a large enrolment of students, that will result in a group of interesting and competent painters on the West Coast."
      From Canadian Landscape Painters, Albert H. Robson; page 190
      The Ryerson Press, Toronto, 1932

"This year Charles H. Scott, director of the Vancouver Art School, has chosen Savary Island for the third annual summer session, and pupils will leave June 9, returning to Vancouver on June 20."
      From "In The Domain of Art"
      Vancouver Province, May 5 1934

"Spirit of Savary at Art Gallery"
      From "Daily Province", November 9, 1935

"Charles H. Scott, A.R.C.A., presents in a richly painted landscape a new and most successful innovation in treatment."
      From "B.C. Society of Fine Arts Display Sets New High Mark," by Palette
      Vancouver Daily Province, May 16, 1942

" ... Among those contibuting paintings and drawings are: ... Chas. H. Scott, ARCA ... "
      From "Noted Artists Offer Paintings For Red Cross"
      Vancouver Daily Province (presumed), November 1942

"Among other prominent exhibitors are ... Charles H. Scott ... (continues)
      From "Summer Show at Gallery Major Event for Art Lovers," by Palette
      Vancouver Daily Province, July 7, 1943

"As a result of a ballot taken in respect of nominations previously secured by public announcement, three artist members, Mr. Lawren Harris, Mr. C.H. Scott, A.R.C.A., and J.W.G. Macdonald, headed the poll by large majorities."
     From "Re: 13th Annual B.C. Artists' Exhibition" by A.S. Grigsby.

     Home     Copyright 2004 - 2020